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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 35  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 48-57

A rasch analysis of three socialization and communication measures in 4th-year doctor of pharmacy students

1 Research Measurement and Statistics, College of Education, Health and Human Services, Kent State University, Kent, OH, USA
2 College of Pharmacy, Xavier University of Louisiana; School of Medicine Department of Pediatrics, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, LA, USA
3 Medical Education Research, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH, USA
4 General Directorate of Secondary Education, Republic of Turkey Ministry of National Education, Ankara, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Aryn C Karpinski
Research, Measurement, and Statistics Program, School of Foundations, Leadership and Administration, College of Education, Health, and Human Services, Kent State University, 316 B White Hall, Kent, OH 44242
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/efh.efh_75_21

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The impact of communication and anxiety on Doctor of Pharmacy students across three measures was examined. Data were collected (N = 120) from 4th-year Doctor of Pharmacy students at a historically black college/university using the Interprofessional Socialization and Valuing Scale, the Personal Report of Communication Apprehension, and the Social Phobia Inventory. Results of Rasch Differential Item Functioning Analysis indicated statistically significant differences between each ethnic group on subcomponents of anxiety in each measure (20% Caucasian, 43% African American, 31.7% Asian, and 4.2% others). Evidence from this study shows that racial demographics affect different subscales of anxiety across doctoral pharmacy students. While some pedagogical implications exist, issues within the measures and their items must also be addressed.

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