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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 29  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 89-94

Teaching tobacco cessation to large student cohorts through train-the-trainers and problem based learning strategies

1 Tobacco Cessation Unit, Internal Medicine Department, Clinics Hospital, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de la República, Uruguay
2 Department of Medical Psychology, Tobacco Cessation Unit, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de la República, Uruguay
3 Department of Medical Education, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de la República, Uruguay

Correspondence Address:
Laura Llambi
Hospital de Clínicas. Avda. Italia s/n esq. Las Heras, Piso 11, 1300 Montevideo
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1357-6283.188726

Background: Smoking is a leading cause of preventable deaths worldwide. Graduates of medical schools receive limited training on tobacco cessation and are ill-equipped to treat tobacco dependence. In this paper, we describe and present evidence from an educational intervention based on a train-the-trainers model and problem-based learning strategy aimed to educate a large number of first-year medical students on tobacco-related issues. Methods: A survey assessing students' knowledge, attitudes and beliefs was conducted before and after educational intervention. Tobacco experts from the faculty staff, who are trained problem-based learning tutors, served as facilitators in the problem-based learning setting with 1000 medical students. Results: Significant changes in knowledge and beliefs were observed. Items such as need for further training in cessation, importance, and effectiveness of brief advice showed significant variations after the educational intervention. Discussion: Educational intervention based on a train-the-trainers and problem-based learning approaches are feasible and effective to educate a large cohort of first-year medical students in tobacco issues. Further research is needed to find out whether this intervention improves overall patient care management.

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