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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 29  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 68-74

Developing and pilot testing of a tool for "clinicosocial case study" assessment of community medicine residents

1 Department of Community Medicine, Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad, Gujarat, India
2 Central Research Services and Member of Human Research Ethics Committee, Charutar Arogya Mandal, Karamsad, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Manisha Gohel
6, Punit Bunglows, Near La Casaa in Hotel, Ganesh Chokdi, Anand - 388 001, Gujarat
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1357-6283.188684

Background: Practical and clinical skills teaching should constitute a core part of the postgraduate curriculum of Community Medicine. The clinicosocial case study is a method to enhance learners' skills but there is no generally accepted organized system of formative assessment and structured feedback to guide students. A new tool based on the principles of mini-Clinical Evaluation Exercise (mini CEX) was developed and pilot tested as a 'clinicosocial case study' assessment of community medicine residents with feedback as a core component. Methods: Ten core domains of clinicosocial skills were identified after reviewing the relevant literature and input from local experts in community medicine and medical education. We pilot tested the tool with eight faculty members to assess five residents during clinicosocial case presentations on a variety of topics. Kappa statistic and Bland Altman plots were used to assess agreement between faculty members' average assessment scores. Cronbach's alpha was used to test the internal consistency with faculty members as domains. Results: All 95% confidence limits using the Bland-Altman method were within the predetermined limit of 2 points. The overall Kappa between two faculty members was fair ranging from 0.2 to 0.3. Qualitative feedback revealed that both faculty and residents were enthusiastic about the process but faculty suggested further standardization, while residents suggested streamlining of the process. Discussion: This new assessment tool is available for objective and unbiased assessment of residents through 'clinicosocial case study,' which enriches learning through comprehensive feedback. Further validation in different settings is needed.

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