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Year : 2010  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 367

Innovations in Medical Internship: Benchmarking and Application within the King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences

1 King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Saudi Arabia
2 Erasmus University, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
3 King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Saudi Arabia, The Netherlands

Correspondence Address:
M S Al-Moamary
P.O. Box 84252, Riyadh 11671
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 20589608

Introduction: While the medical internship (MI) has evolved in some countries into competency-based training with innovative tools for assessment and feedback, the traditional MI is still the norm in many countries. Aim: To describe recent advances in the MI in several countries, to discuss the current MI situation in Saudi Arabia as an example of a country that applies a traditional MI, and to present a Framework for Medical Interns' Competencies (FMIC) implemented within the King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences (KSAU-HS). Methods: Common electronic databases were searched for the years 1990 to 2008 under keywords related to medical internship education. Information on curricula designed for medical interns or junior doctors in selected countries was obtained by searching relevant websites. At the KSAU-HS, the FMIC was created by first building the case for the urgent need for revising the MI and adapting international approaches to the KSA's needs, followed by dialogue among faculty and leaders, planning, coordination and execution of the framework. Results: Two trends were identified in the recent evolution of the MI. In North America, the first postgraduate year now serves the traditional purpose of the MI. Australia and the United Kingdom have embedded the MI within junior doctor training. These innovative curricula have in common a focus on the domains of medical knowledge, clinical practice, professionalism and communication skills. The FMIC applies innovative principles during the MI years customized to the local medical education setting. Conclusion: The evolution in medical education and healthcare systems worldwide has necessitated innovations in the MI. The FMIC is a model whereby innovative curriculum was introduced to enhance the outcomes of the MI in a country that has applied a traditional MI.

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